La négation en tant que processus de la signification: le cas des discours littéraires

Type de document: Original Article

Auteurs

1 Maître assisant,Université Tarbiat Modares,Téhéran,Iran

2 Maître assisante,Université Tarbiat Modares,Téhéran,Iran

3 Maître de conférence, Université Tarbiat Modares, Téhéran, Iran

4 Doctorante en didactique du FLE, Université Tarbiat Modares, Téhéran, Iran

Résumé

68/ Revue des Études de la Langue Française, Cinquième année, N° 8, Printemps-Été 2013
Negation as a process of signification in literary discourse
Kariminejad, Somayeh
Postgraduate Student in Teaching FFL, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
Somaye.kariminejad@yahoo.com
Shairi, Hamid Reza
Associate Professor, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
shairih@yahoo.fr
Safa, Parivash
Assistant Professor, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
safap@modares.ac.ir
Nabavi, Lotfollah
Assistant Professor, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
nabavi@modares.ac.ir
Received: 5.2.2013 Accepted: 21.5.2013
Negation has long been the subject of study in different fields, especially philosophy, logic
and specifically linguistics. Semiotics, as a general thought and as a branch of science connected
to the area of semantics, relates negation to signification. If there appears positivity from the
signification process, then the primary mutation has occurred by the help of a negative source. A
wide variety of theories and approaches has so far been proposing with regard to negation these
differences are justifiable for the complexity of negation itself. The present work is an attempt to
show that the development of a discourse in fact implies the emergence of relativity. In other
words, from the viewpoint of semiotics, negativity is an inevitable part in the process of
signification through enaction of negation on the sense and formless meaning, on the one hand,
and by implementation of negation on the first difference, on the other, which in turn causes the
emergence of signification. Therefore, this paper tries to examine the notion of negation and its
role in the analysis of the process of signification through literary discourses, French and Persian.
We also want to find out how a discourse is made by negation. In other words, the present work
aims at describing the different functions of negation and, hence, exploring the role it plays in the
production of signification in a literary discourse.
Keywords: Negation, difference, semiotics, literal discourse, signification.

Mots clés