Soro N'golo, AboudouProfessor, University Alassane Ouattara, Ivory Coastngoloas@gmail.comReceived: ١٢٫٠٢٫٢٠١٢ Accepted: ١٠٫٠٣٫٢٠١٢In the theater of Aimé Césaire, we find a hero whose mission is to bring his people to regain its lost identity and regain its independence from. Launched in the conquest of freedom for his people, the hero césairien faces a misunderstanding that led to its abandonment and loneliness. This is an unfortunate misunderstanding that pretends to be an avatar of the colon. His intransigence, his frenzied and frantic to save his people from the historical alienation precipitated into the deep tragedy, which devotes its political failure. This failure results from the illusion that he gave of being alone to act but also to have acted with excess. However, the people who never abandoned its commitment to regain his freedom will realize the nobility of the ideal of the hero césairien and resurrected into a myth. Césairien death of the hero becomes a redeeming death which opens the way for the revolution.Keywords: Alienation, colonized people, freedom, hero, myth.